Is Employee Ownership Right for Your Company?
4 top excuses for not offering skin in the game – and why you should ignore them
I confess – before I became a father, I sometimes found other people’s kids to be annoying. Especially when they sat behind me on a plane kicking the back of my chair. Or throwing a tantrum in a grocery store lineup. Thankfully, my patience and empathy miraculously increased when my wife and I had kids of our own. That’s why, when my clients express frustration about how difficult is to get team members to really care about their customers, I ask whether those employees actually own part of the company. Just like with children, when a company is your own, you are genuinely committed to helping it succeed. Here are the 4 most common excuses I’ve heard from business owners as to why they don’t offer employee ownership, and why it shouldn’t prevent you from offering key employees some skin in the game.
1. We already offer commissions
The problem with carrot and stick monetary bonuses such as commissions is they actually prevent the kind of creative thinking required to set your company apart from the competition. You’ll find a fascinating internet video on the subject by searching, “Dan Pink, motivation” which refutes our traditional assumptions about money as an incentive. Keep in mind that if your company offers commissions, then it’s likely that your competitors do as well. If your employees figure they can make higher commissions working for the company across the street, then your commissions aren’t building any employee loyalty. Zero.
2. Owner doesn’t want to share profits
It’s understandable if a business owner doesn’t want to give up a portion of what he or she has created, but it’s stepping over dollars to pick up nickels. One of my clients, Ralph Ward, Chairman of Scott Builders, explained to me that early on he decided that to help generate loyalty from his best team members, he’d offer employee ownership. The result – one of the most dedicated teams of employees in Alberta’s commercial construction sector. This is an industry that, aside from a few recessions, has had endemic shortages of construction professionals. Offering share ownership enabled Scott Builders to keep a skilled set of workers and managers, and establish a distinct competitive advantage in an industry where a talent shortage has been such a chronic problem. By sharing ownership, you’re not slicing the proverbial profit pie into more pieces – you’re making the company more profitable and building a bigger pie.
3. It’s expensive to buy out employees when they leave
This is true, but it’s also expensive trying to recruit and train new employees who don’t have the depth of experience of your senior staff. One way to help postpone buyouts (often for decades) is offering shares in your company only for high performers who are willing to sign a non-competition agreement. In other words, to receive shares, they commit that if they do quit, they won’t start-up or hire on with a competing company for a minimum period (generally 3 years). That way, you’re giving star employees something enormously valuable. In turn, high performing employees are giving you their loyalty for the foreseeable future and three years beyond.
4. Offering shares is too complicated
Yes, it takes time (and legal fees) to set-up a share structure that includes employee ownership. However, that investment is more than offset by the rewards of making your company significantly more sellable. The harsh reality is if you are a privately owned company, unlike publically traded corporations, potential investors are not lining up to buy out your shares so that you can retire in comfort. For one thing, private company shares aren’t nearly as liquid as those of publically traded companies, so investors are more locked in. They therefore want to know that you as the senior manager will remain to run things so they can get a return on their investment.
On the other hand, when you set up employees as partial owners, you are also creating a succession plan. By the time you’re ready to retire, employees (particularly senior managers) will have hopefully built up equity in the company that can be collectively leveraged to buy out your shares. It makes for a smooth transition and creates an obvious potential buyer in house. The bonus is you retire knowing that your proverbial baby is in good hands.
Bottom line – look on any street and you can likely see which homes are occupied by renters versus home owners. Owners generally care more and it shows. That’s also true of businesses whose employees are partial owners. They care more, and customers can tell. Employee ownership makes working with your company more rewarding (literally) for all stakeholders.
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